On democracy

Hallmarks of democracy include the following:

  1. Communication is decentralized, with multiple sources of information.
  2. Authority and power are constrained by a system of checks and balances.
  3. Agendas and goals are established through discussion, not by leader Fiat.
  4. There is a reciprocity of influence between leaders and citizens, as opposed to unidirectional influence from elites.
  5. Group boundaries and roles are flexible, as opposed to there being a rigid social structure.
  6. The minority opinion is encouraged as a means of obtaining a better decision, and the rights of those in the minority are protected.

Excerpt from “Age of Propaganda.”